Asymptotics beyond all orders and Stokes lines in nonlinear differential-difference equations

J. R. King & S. J. Chapman

A technique for calculating exponentially small terms beyond all orders in singularly perturbed difference equations is presented. The approach is based on the application of a WKBJ-type ansatz to the late terms in the naive asymptotic expansion and the identification of Stokes lines, and is closely related to the well-known Stokes line smoothing phenomenon in linear ordinary differential equations. The method is illustrated by application to examples and the results extended to time-dependent differential-difference problems.