Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

Prof. Irene M Moroz

CUF Lecturer in Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Fellow, St Hilda's College

My main research interests lie in the bifurcation analysis of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, arising in dynamo models and low order models of plankton. My background is in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. Current exciting areas of research include comparisons detween deterministic and stochastic parameterisation schemes for both low order differential equations and the Integrated Forecasting System of the European centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting. Also, investigation of models for the synchronisation between the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and the Semi-Annual Mode. These are exciting areas of research for potential DPhil students.

I am also a member of the Mathematical Geoscience Group (MGG) and the Applied Dynamical Systems and Inverse Problems research group (ADSIP) in the Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (OCIAM), and the Oxford Climate Network.

Current NERC-funded four year DPhil studentship on the stability of continuously stratified zonal jets near the equator. NERC Industrial CASE Studentship with the Meteorological Office. Students

Recent and current D. Phil students with completion dates where appropriate are:

Research Interests

Research Group Link

Applied Dynamical Systems

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Geophysical fluid dynamics, baroclinic flows, stochastic parameterisation and planetary atmospheres

We are interested in building on the results of two existing DPhil studies into the use of empirically determined basis functions, calculated from time series of the velocity fields to generate reduced order nonlinear models of baroclinic flows. These include numerical models of the Martian atmosphere with and without topographic features, as well as laboratory models of more complicated baroclinic flows. We are currently comparing deterministic with stochastic parameterisations of physical processes using the Integrating forecasting model of the European Centre for Medium range weather forecasting.

Selected references

H.M. Arnold, I.M. Moroz and T.N. Palmer `Stochastic Parameterisations and Model Uncertainty in the Lorenz '96 system'. (2012) Phil. Trans. (To appear).

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Dynamo theory

Hide (1997) has proposed a hierarchy of related self-exciting coupled Faraday-disk dynamos incorporating electric motors as additional electromechanical elements and driven by steady mechanical couples has been proposed. Each system comprises N interacting units which can be arranged in a ring or a lattice. Within each unit are electric motors, driven into motion by the dynamo and connected either in series or in parallel with the coil. Nonlinearity enters solely through the coupling between components. By introducing additional terms into the equations, it is possible to include the effects of biasing from impressed electromotive forces due to thermoelectric or chemical processes, as well as from the presence of ambient magnetic fields. Dissipation is introduced into the models via ohmic heating and mechanical friction in the disk and motors, with the latter playing a crucial role in the generation of chaos (see e.g. Hide et al (1996)).

Ideas from the topological analysis of chaotic systems have been used to classify the attractor of the Hide et al (1996) dynamo as being equivalent to the Lorenz attractor (Moroz, 2007). Furthermore such ideas have been used to determine the templates of other dynamo models.

Relevant references

R. Hide, A.C. Skeldon and D.J. Acheson (1996), `A study of two novel self-exciting single-disk homopolar dynamos: theory'. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A vol. 452, 1369-95

R. Hide (1997), 'The nonlinear differential equations governing a hierarchy of self-exciting coupled Faraday-disk homopolar dynamos'. Phys. Earth Plan. Int. vol 103 281-291.

I.M. Moroz (2001), 'Self-exciting Faraday disk homopolar dynamos'. I.J.B.C. vol 11 2961-75.

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Tel: 01865-2-70514
E-mail: moroz@maths.ox.ac.uk

November 2017

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